He got his Islamic and Arabic education as a teenager from Mallam Garba who was the Imam of Rabbah village. In 1955, he made his first pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. 50. He sponsored the Bank of the North, the Northern Nigerian Development Company, and founded the Ahmadu Bello University. In 1962, he became Pioneer Chancellor, Ahmadu Bello University, ABU, Zaria. Ahmadu Bello was born on June 12, 1909 in Rabbah, present day, Sokoto State.2. 16. He is considered to be a founding father of the modern Nigerian nation state, which was formed October 1, 1960 when Bello's NPC forged an alliance with Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe's NCNC (National Council of… As Nigeria approached independence on October 1, 1960, it had only a single university: the University of Ibadan, established in 1948. Sir Ahmadu Bello was one of the greatest Nigerian nationalists and, perhaps the most forceful Nigerian politician of the 1950s and early 1960. The house was used as a research centre in 1970, after a committee known as the History of Northern Nigerian Committee were given the responsibility of writing a book on the history of Northern Nigeria. He finished at the age of 16 top of his class. The new Sultan immediately made Sir Ahmadu Bello the Sardauna (Warlord) of Sokoto, a honourary title and promoted him to the Sokoto Native Authority Council, these titles automatically made him the Chief Political Adviser to the Sultan. He chose to remain the Premier of Northern Nigeria and gave the position of Prime Minister to his hand-picked candidate, the late Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, who was then the Deputy President of the NPC. Unsuccessful, he became the political leader of the Rabah District in northern Nigeria. 30. The important Ashby Commission report (submitted a month before independence) recommended adding new universities in each of Nigeria's then-three regions and the capital, Lagos. 6. He was sentenced to 1 year in prison, but spent 3 months in jail. He spoke impeccable English, and respected many European values. 44. 46. The seed of Bayero University Kano was the Ahmadu Bello College set up in 1960, located within the School for Arabic Studies (SAS), in the old city of Kano. As Nigeria approached independence on October 1, 1960, it had only a single university: the University of Ibadan, established in 1948. 1. EARLY HISTORY OF AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA. He founded the Bank of the North (now Unity Bank). His father died when he was 6 years old. 23. But his belief that the Sardauna of Sokoto was the most powerful politician in the nation, even more powerful than the prime minister, led a group of army officers headed by Major Chukwuma Nzeogwu to attack Bello’s residence in Kaduna in a coup d’état. You are welcome to the Faculty of Law, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria situate at the Institute of Administration, Kongo Campus. Equivalent of 5,000 naira in today’s monetary value. He also recognized its inevitability and worked to insure that the predominately Muslim north would not be excluded from various government development projects. A great grandson of Uthman dan Fodio, the Fulani religious leader who founded the Sokoto Caliphate, Ahmadu Bello was born on 12th June, 1909 at Rabbah, near Sokoto. He attended the Teacher’s Training College, Katsina (later Barewa College) where he was a School Prefect and Class Captain. Bello was assassinated by Major Nzeogwu on 15 January 1966 in a coup that overthrew Nigeria’s post-independence government.At the moment, he was still the prime minister of Northern Nigeria. He found fulfillment in his position as leader of the northern region and president general of the NPC, which at the time was the largest political party in Nigeria. Unlike other Nigerian political leaders who envisioned a single, united nation after independence from the British, Bello saw his primary mission as protecting the interests of the people of northern Nigeria. 48. Ahmadu Ibrahim Bello, Sardauna of Sokoto (12 June 1910 – 15 January 1966), knighted as Sir Ahmadu Bello, was a conservative Nigerian statesman who masterminded Northern Nigeria through the independence of Nigeria in 1960 and served as its first and only premier from 1954 until his assassination in 1966, in which capacity he dominated national affairs for over a decade. Considered to be one of the founding fathers of the modern Nigerian, Ahmadu Bello was born on June 12, 1910. He established the 16,000-seater Ahmadu Bello Stadium, Kaduna. Sir Ahmadu Bello, the first and only Premier of Northern Nigeria was not just one of the foremost political icons in Nigeria’s First Republic. Ahmadu Bello University Zaria . Today In History: Tafawa Balewa, Ahmadu Bello, Okotie-Eboh assassinated in Nigeria’s first military coup On January 15, 2020 9:15 am In News by Emmanuel Okogba Kindly Share This Story: The house was official residence for Sir Ahmadu Bello, the first and only Premier of Northern Nigeria. In 1959, Queen Elizabeth II (b.1926) made him a Knight of the British Empire (KBE), and that explains the ‘’Sir’’ in his title. In 1961 the Federal Government, in a White paper, decided that by 1970 there would be a “full-fledged” Faculty of Medicine at Ahmadu Bello … Bello was born in the northwestern Nigerian city of Sokoto in 1910 into the family of a leading Islamic reformer. Sir Ahmadu Bello ya samar da makarantun yaki da jahilci a karo na farko ga manya da trofi, an samar da babbar jami'ar Ahmadu Bello da ke zaria. He is a descendant of Uthman dan Fodio, a great-grandson of Sultan Muhammed Bello and a grandson of Sultan Atiku na Raba. 39. They all trooped behind him as he came out of the family quarters and in a matter of seconds, he was surrounded by the soldiers led by Nzeogwu who fired at his babban riga . 22. In 1943, a drama played out when he was thrown before the Sultan’s court for misappropriating jangali (cattle) tax for the Gusau region where he was the Councillor. Sir Ahmadu Bello keenly encouraged female education. He established the University of Northern Nigeria, which stretched from Samaru in Kaduna State to Funtua in Katsina State, on the 4th of October, 1962 now known as Ahmadu Bello University (ABU), Zaria. It is one of the twelve faculties in the University, with four departments namely: Commercial Law, Islamic Law, Private Law and Public Law. 34. History | Kashim Ibrahim Library. On his way to Umrah (the Muslim lesser pilgrimage), he received a letter with threats to kill him. He founded the Northern Nigerian Development Company. Ahmadu Bello was a Nationalist, a Pan-Nigeria politician and the first and only premier of Northern Nigeria. Nan da nan ilimi ya fara bunkasa A arewacin nijeriya, aka fara maye gurbin ma'aikatan nan da 'yan Arewa, sannan mu ka … By 1944, he was back at the Sultan’s Palace to work as the Chief Secretary of the State Native Administration. 38. Thereafter, he graduated as a Teacher in 1931 with a credit equivalent Grade III result. 41. He once stated that he would rather be the Sultan of Sokoto than to be the leader of Nigeria. At various times, he made inflammatory statements about the Ibos as He once referred to them as the ‘Jews of Nigeria’ whose sole purpose is to dominate wherever they find themselves. 12. He was scrupulous and prudent with public finance but generous with his own money. His father died when he was 6 years old.4. 9. Facebook 0. He soon became president general of the NPC and minister of local government, works, and community development. Kevin Shillington, Encyclopedia of African History (New York: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2005); Ahmadu Bello, My Life (Cambridge: University Press, 1962); John N. Paden, Ahmadu Bello, Sardauna of Sokoto: Values and Leadership in Nigeria (London : Hodder and Stoughton, 1986); https://www.arewaonline-ng.com/sardauna/about%20sardauna.html. He understood northerners’ concerns about domination by southern Nigerian politicians and seemed reluctant to embrace independence for that reason. 45. The university operates three main campuses: Samaru and Kongo … He told his family to stay away in safety but they would have none of that. He was the son of a concubine.3. 24. Who Killed Ahmadu Bello Sardauna of Sokoto? He was a great grand-son of Shehu Uthman dan Fodio, the great Fulani jihadist. 35. 28. 36. During the 1940s Bello helped establish the Jammiyyar Mutanen Arewa, which later became the Northern Peoples’ Congress (NPC) in 1951. Even before the report, however, the regional governments had begun planning universities. BlackPast.org is a 501 (c)(3) non-profit organization. All donations are tax deductible. Forego a bottle of soda and donate its cost to us for the information you just learned, and feel good about helping to make it available to everyone! 27. Alhaji (Sir) Ahmadu Bello was the Sardauna of Sokoto and leader of Nigeria’s northern region during the last years of British rule and early independence. He was believed to have been killed instantly when a bullet penetrated his spinal cord. With the establishment of Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, in 1962, it was renamed Abdullahi Bayero College. Education. 31. 5. Sir Ahmadu Bello’s personal style in “winning people over” also applied to his opposition in the north, where he both blunted the edge of potential revolutionary change and also rocked the complacency of conservative status quo assumptions, by his insistence on orderly reform. 3. Ahmadu Bello University or any recognized university. The letter was said to have stated: “We have arranged to kill you and the Prime Minister (Alhaji Tafawa Balewa).” Sir Ahmadu Bello was brutally murdered during that attack on January 15, 1966. With over 35,000 students, it is the largest university in sub-Saharan Africa and the second largest on the African continent after the University of Cairo in Egypt. As a devout Muslim, the Sardauna believed that giving his life in the service of Northern Nigeria was worth the sacrifice and that death was a certain end. After schooling and at the age of 23, Bello began his political career by seeking the post of Sultan of Sokoto. He never had material accumulation instincts, did not accumulate wealth and gave out whatever came into his possession. He attended Sokoto Provincial School and … 40. "Ahmadu Bello University shall be a world-class university comparable to any other, engaged in imparting contemporary knowledge, using high quality facilities and multi-disciplinary approaches, to men and women of all races, as well as generating new ideas and intellectual practices relevant to the needs of its immediate community, Nigeria and the world at large." He was a great-grandson of Shehu U s man dan Fodio, the great Fulani jihadist. He was appointed by the Sultan of Sokoto to work as a teacher at the Sokoto Middle School, where he was once a student and taught from 1931-1934. He soon found himself in opposition with Nigerian nationalists from the southern regions. By the beginning of 1966, it was quite clear that the Sardauna was one of the most powerful figures in the country, and many believed that he was actually the most powerful, even much more powerful than the Prime Minister, Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa. He once referred to Nigeria as the ‘mistake of 1914′ but he later worked for and gave his best for the new nation of Nigeria. 6. Ahmadu Bello University. He was the only surviving son of his father and mother, Mariyamu. 49. Watch his bio! In May 1960, the Northern Region had upgraded the School of Arabic Studies in Kanoto bec… 47. Sir Ahmadu Bello was one of the Nationalists that fought for Nigeria's Independence.